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J Homosex. 2019 Jun 4:1-16. doi: 10.1080/00918369.2019.1618646. [Epub ahead of print]

Youth Perspectives regarding the Regulating of Bathroom Use by Transgender Individuals.

Author information

1
a Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology , University of Michigan , Ann Arbor , Michigan , USA.
2
b Department of Family Medicine , University of Michigan , Ann Arbor , Michigan , USA.
3
c Program on Women's Healthcare Effectiveness Research , University of Michigan , Ann Arbor , Michigan , USA.
4
d Institute for Healthcare Policy & Innovation , University of Michigan , Ann Arbor , Michigan , USA.

Abstract

Regulations regarding bathroom use by transgender people affect youth across the United States. This study examines youth opinions on bathroom use regulations. Data were obtained from MyVoice, a weekly text messaging survey of youth aged 14-24 years. Youth were recruited nationally at community events and online; Southeast Michigan was overrepresented. Mixed methods analysis was performed using grounded theory methodology. The majority of respondents (n = 683) were white (71.4%) and had education beyond high school (56.5%). Most (79%) stated that bathroom use by transgender people should not be restricted, rationalizing: 1) bathroom use is private and should be a personal decision; 2) choosing bathrooms is a matter of equality, freedom, and human rights; 3) transgender people are not sexual perpetrators; and 4) forcing transgender people to use particular bathrooms puts them at risk. Contrary to the current policy in many schools, respondents do not support restrictions on bathroom use by transgender people.

KEYWORDS:

LGBT; Transgender; bathroom; public policy; youth

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