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J Res Med Sci. 2019 May 22;24:48. doi: 10.4103/jrms.JRMS_965_18. eCollection 2019.

Platelet-derived growth factor-beta as a new marker of deep venous thrombosis.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine (For Girls), Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.
2
Department of Vascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine (For Girls), Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.
3
Department of Radio-Diagnosis, Faculty of Medicine (For Girls), Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

Abstract

Background:

Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Thus, there is a great need to demonstrate a more efficient biomarker that would confirm the diagnosis of DVT. Our work aimed to evaluate the role of platelet-derived growth factor-beta (PDGF-B) as a new marker of DVT and its correlation with other radiological and laboratory tools used for the diagnosis.

Materials and Methods:

A case-control study enrolled forty patients selected from our university hospital between April 2018 and August 2018, who divided into two groups: Group I (n = 20) consisted of patients diagnosed with acute venous thrombosis and Group II (n = 20) consisted of patients diagnosed with chronic venous thrombosis. Twenty samples were collected from age- and gender-matched apparently healthy controls to be used as a control. Venous duplex ultrasonography, routine laboratory investigations, D-dimer (DD), and protein expression of PDGF-B were performed on all patients.

Results:

There was a highly significant increase in a protein expression of PDFG-B in all cases of acute and chronic venous thrombosis compared to the control group with P < 0.001; furthermore, it was more specific than DD for the detection of DVT (specificity 95% and 90%, respectively).

Conclusion:

Our study submits a novel association of PDGF-B plasma levels with DVT, and PDGF-B is considered to be a more specific indicator for DVT than is DD.

KEYWORDS:

D-dimer; deep vein thrombosis; platelet-derived growth factor-beta; venous duplex ultrasonography

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