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Pediatrics. 2019 Jul;144(1). pii: e20183117. doi: 10.1542/peds.2018-3117. Epub 2019 Jun 3.

Safety Interventions and Liquid Laundry Detergent Packet Exposures.

Author information

1
Center for Injury Research and Policy, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio.
2
Division of General Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
3
Central Ohio Poison Center, Columbus, Ohio.
4
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio; and.
5
Center for Injury Research and Policy, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio; gary.smith@nationwidechildrens.org.
6
Child Injury Prevention Alliance, Columbus, Ohio.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To investigate exposures to liquid laundry detergent packets among children <6 years old in the United States and to evaluate the impact of the American Society for Testing and Materials voluntary product safety standard.

METHODS:

Data from the National Poison Data System involving exposures to liquid laundry detergent packets from 2012 to 2017 were analyzed.

RESULTS:

From January 2012 to December 2017, there were 72 947 single and polysubstance exposures to liquid laundry detergent packets. Most exposures (91.7%) were documented among children <6 years old. The annual number and rate of exposures for children <6 years old increased by 110.4% and 111.9%, respectively, from 2012 to 2015. From 2015 to 2017, the number and rate of exposures in this age group decreased by 18.0%. Among individuals ≥6 years old, the annual number and rate of exposures increased by 292.7% and 276.7%, respectively, from 2012 to 2017. Annual hospital admissions among children <6 years old increased by 63.4% from 2012 to 2015 and declined by 55.5% from 2015 to 2017. Serious outcomes among children <6 years old increased by 78.5% from 2012 to 2015 and declined by 32.9% from 2015 to 2017.

CONCLUSIONS:

The number, rate, and severity of liquid laundry detergent packet exposures have decreased modestly in recent years among children <6 years old, likely attributable, in part, to the voluntary product safety standard and public awareness efforts. Exposures among older children and adults are increasing. Opportunities exist to strengthen the current product safety standard to further reduce exposures.

PMID:
31160344
DOI:
10.1542/peds.2018-3117

Conflict of interest statement

POTENTIAL CONFLICT OF INTEREST: The authors have indicated they have no potential conflicts of interest to disclose.

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