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FASEB J. 1987 Oct;1(4):303-7.

Net glucuronidation in different rat strains: importance of microsomal beta-glucuronidase.

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Department of Physiological Chemistry, College of Medicine, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210.


The net glucuronidation of bilirubin (BR) has been determined in inbred and outbred rat strains and their subpopulations with similar glucuronosyltransferase (EC activity but with different levels of beta-glucuronidase (beta G) (EC, or in which the level of beta G activity was reduced with D-glucaro-1,4-lactone. These studies demonstrated that outbred rat strains consist of two subpopulations that differ approximately 1.5- to two-fold in serum and liver beta G activity. Evidence is presented indicating that owing to its compartmentalization the lysosomal beta G, unlike the corresponding microsomal enzyme, is neither inhibited by glucarolactone nor accessible for hydrolysis of newly synthesized glucuronides. The ratio of glucuronidated to unconjugated BR 15 min after injection of albumin-bound BR into the tail vein appears to correlate negatively with the liver microsomal beta G activity. The results may be relevant to the relative risk to toxins, including carcinogens, and to their reduction by dietary intervention.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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