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Psychiatr Danub. 2019 Jun;31(Suppl 2):171-180.

Efficacy of Center for Integrative Psychiatry Multimodal Early Intervention Services in Early-Phase Psychosis on Hospital Readmission.

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1
Psychiatric Hospital "Sveti Ivan", Jankomir 11, HR-10090 Zagreb, Croatia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Growing body of evidence has opened new opportunities to enhance treatment outcomes during early-phase psychosis (EPP). The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the Centre for integrative psychiatry (CIP) multimodal Early Intervention Services (EIS) on time to relapse in the patients with early-phase psychosis (EPP) during 12 and 24 month period.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

We performed a retrospective cohort study on the sample of 454 EPP patients (duration of the diagnosed disorder ≤5 years) admitted to Psychiatric Hospital "Sveti Ivan", Zagreb Croatia, from January 2, 2015, to December 5, 2018, for the acute treatment of EPP. The end of follow up was March 5, 2019. The primary outcome was the time to rehospitalization because of relapse during the 12 months from the hospital discharge. Independent variable was the EIS.

RESULTS:

We analyzed 454 EPP patients, 260 in EIS group and 194 in no EIS group. After the adjustment for twenty possible confounding factors using the Cox proportional hazard regression, patients who received EIS had significantly and clinically relevantly lower hazard for rehospitalization because of relapse during the first 12 months (HR=0.39; CI95% 0.21-0.61; p<0.001), and during the first 24 months from the hospital discharge (HR=0.56; CI95% 0.39-0.80; p=0.003; sequential Holm-Bonferroni corrected pcorr=0.004).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our study indicated efficacy of the CIP multimodal EIS in patients with EPP demonstrated through the time to the hospital readmission because of relapse during the 12 and 24 months from the hospital discharge. These results strongly support the need for implementation of multimodal EIS in all patients with EPP.

PMID:
31158118
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