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Int J Exerc Sci. 2019 May 1;12(4):657-665. eCollection 2019.

The Effect of Exercise Order in Circuit Training on Muscular Strength and Functional Fitness in Older Women.

Author information

1
Physical Education Post-Graduation Program, Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, BRAZIL.
2
Instituto Metodista Granbery - FAMIDADE, Juiz de Fora, MG, BRAZIL.
3
Department of Health and Human Performance, Montana State University - Billings, Billings, MT, USA.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of different orders of exercises in circuit training on strength and functional fitness in older women over a 12-week period. After 10 repetition maximum (10-RM) and functional fitness baseline testing, thirty older women were randomly assigned into two groups. The exercise order for Group 1 was leg press, wide-grip lat pulldown, knee extension, pec deck fly, plantar flexion and triceps extension; Group 2 performed the same exercises, but in the opposite order: triceps extension, plantar flexion, pec deck fly, knee extension, wide-grip lat pulldown and leg press. Both groups performed the circuit three times with a load that permitted 8 to 10 repetitions per exercise set. Both groups exhibited gains in 10-RM strength and functional fitness test performance (p ≤ 0.05). In Comparing groups, the G1 presented greater strength gains for the wide-grip lat pulldown, while G2 showed higher values for the plantar flexion and triceps extension exercises (p ≤ 0.05). Both circuit exercise orders were effective and could be applied to promote strength and functional fitness gains. However, based on the results for the wide-grip lat pulldown, plantar flexion and triceps extension, it seems that exercise order should be considered when specific muscle weaknesses are a priority, so that these muscles are trained first within a circuit.

KEYWORDS:

Resistance; performance; recovery; strength; training

PMID:
31156754
PMCID:
PMC6533091

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