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Avian Pathol. 2019 Oct;48(5):477-485. doi: 10.1080/03079457.2019.1625305. Epub 2019 Jul 31.

Pathogenicity of fowl adenovirus (FAdV) serotype 4 strain SDJN in Taizhou geese.

Wei Z1,2,3, Liu H1,2,3, Diao Y4, Li X1,2,3, Zhang S1,2,3, Gao B1,2,3, Tang Y1,2,3, Hu J1,2,3, Diao Y1,2,3.

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College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shandong Agricultural University , Tai'an , People's Republic of China.
Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Biotechnology and Disease Control and Prevention, Shandong Agricultural University , Tai'an , People's Republic of China.
Shandong Provincial Engineering Technology Research Center of Animal Disease Control and Prevention, Shandong Agricultural University , Tai'an , People's Republic of China.
Shandong Agriculture and Engineering University , Shandong , People's Republic of China.


Hydropericardium hepatitis syndrome (HHS) is a fatal disease in chickens, mainly caused by fowl adenovirus serotype 4 (FAdV-4). Since June 2015, HHS has appeared in many provinces in China. The disease has spread from broilers to laying hens, breeders and Cherry Valley ducks, seriously endangering the health of the poultry industry in China. In July 2016, an infectious disease was noticed in a goose farm in Jinan, Shandong Province, China, and hydropericardium was the main finding in post mortem investigations. In the actual study, we isolated a FAdV-4 strain from the livers of naturally-infected goslings and designated it as SDJN. We first evaluated its pathogenicity by inoculating Taizhou geese at 10, 20, and 30 days of age with 10-7.15EID50/0.2 ml doses of the SDJN strain in 1 ml allantoic fluid via subcutaneous injection or oral infection. Clinical signs and pericardial effusion appeared in geese infected subcutaneously at 10 days of age, whereas 20- and 30-day-old geese were not susceptible to FAdV-4. The results of real-time PCR showed that the replication ability of FAdV-4 in geese correlated with the age. Furthermore, results from clinical chemistry showed that FAdV-4 damaged the liver and kidney in geese and the results paralleled viral load and gross lesions. Consequently, FAdV-4 was pathogenic in geese, and the pathogenicity was related to age and mode of infection. This study is the first experimental infection of FAdV-4 in geese, which will provide a basis for further understanding of the disease. RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS Pathogenicity tests with a FAdV-4 were conducted in geese, which included data on clinical signs, gross pathology, histopathology, clinical chemistry and viral load. FAdV-4 could replicate in geese and HHS was successfully induced. Pathogenicity of FAdV-4 in geese was related to the age and routes of infection.


Fowl adenovirus serotype 4; Taizhou geese; clinical chemistry; histopathology; viral load

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