Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2019 May 31. pii: S0003-9993(19)30387-9. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2019.05.024. [Epub ahead of print]

National Institutes of Health Toolbox Emotion Battery: Application of Summary Scores to Adults With Spinal Cord Injury, Traumatic Brain Injury, and Stroke.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA. Electronic address: ibabakhanyan@gmail.com.
2
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
3
Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA.
4
Memory and Aging Center, University of California San Francisco, Department of Neurology, San Francisco, CA.
5
Shirley Ryan AbilityLab and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the validity of factor analytically based summary scores that were developed using the National Institutes of Health Toolbox Emotion Battery (NIHTB-EB); (ie, psychological well-being, social satisfaction, negative affect) normative sample in individuals with neurologic conditions.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional, observational cohort.

SETTING:

Community.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 1036 English-speaking adults from the National Institutes of Health Toolbox (NIHTB) normative project and 604 community-dwelling adults with neurologic conditions including spinal cord injury (SCI n=209), traumatic brain injury (TBI n=184), and stroke (cerebrovascular accident [CVA] n=211) (N=1640).

INTERVENTION:

Not applicable.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The NIHTB-EB.

RESULTS:

A series of univariate analyses comparing summary scores across the 4 groups (SCI, TBI, CVA, normative group) were conducted to identify group differences. Base rates (defined as >1 SD toward the problematic direction) were also identified. The normative group demonstrated better emotional functioning characterized by greater social satisfaction and psychological well-being (normative group > SCI, TBI, CVA; P's <.0001), and less negative affect (normative group < SCI, P=.016; normative group < TBI, P<.001; normative group < CVA; P=.034) compared with each neurologic group. Using base rates to identify problematic emotions for the 3 summary scores, there were higher rates of problematic emotions on all 3 summary scores for the neurologic groups compared with the normative group.

CONCLUSIONS:

The NIHTB-EB summary scores demonstrate an increased prevalence of problematic emotions among individuals with 3 neurologic conditions, and might be useful for identifying individuals with similar conditions and potentially in need of psychological support.

KEYWORDS:

Emotions; Rehabilitation; Spinal cord injury; Stroke; Traumatic brain injury; Weights and measures

PMID:
31153854
DOI:
10.1016/j.apmr.2019.05.024

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center