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Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2019 May 27;46(275):213-216.

[The influence of hydrotherapy and physical training procedures on selected haemodynamic parameters of the circulatory system in patients with atherosclerotic peripheral vascular disease].

[Article in Polish]

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Medical University of Lodz: Department of Internal Diseases and Cardiac Rehabilitation.


Currently, the most common cause of death among highly developed countries are cardiovascular diseases. In terms of incidence, they take epidemic proportions. The main cause of the development of cardiovascular disease in 90% of cases is atherosclerotic lesions. The most important complications of atherosclerosis in addition to myocardial infarction and stroke include peripheral arterial disease, including arteries of the lower limbs. It is estimated that 3-10% of the general population suffers from atherosclerotic peripheral vascular disease. In people over 70, the number of patients with peripheral vascular disease increases up to 15-20%.


The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of vortex massages and physical training on the temperature of lower limbs and selected haemodynamic parameters of the circulatory system in patients with atherosclerotic peripheral vascular disease.


The study included 50 patients, both sexes, aged from 39 to 79 years, with impaired peripheral circulation of the lower limbs. The subjects were randomly divided into two groups. In group I, a series of 10 lower limb massage vortex procedures and an individually selected training including breathing, relaxation and active exercises of the lower limbs were used. In Group II, individually selected training was conducted. Measurements of blood pressure and heart rate (HR) were carried out before and after the series of treatments. The technique of performing the measurements was consistent with the recommendations of the Polish Society of Arterial Hypertension regarding blood pressure measurements.


After the end of the series of treatments, in group I there was a statistically significant decrease in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and heart rate (HR).


The applied eddy massage treatments significantly influenced the improvement of the hemodynamic parameters of the cardiovascular system.


atherosclerosis; cardiac rehabilitation; hydrotherapy; peripheral circulation disorders


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