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Nano Lett. 2019 Jul 10;19(7):4384-4390. doi: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.9b00996. Epub 2019 Jun 5.

Bacteria-Derived Biological Carbon Building Robust Li-S Batteries.

Author information

1
School of Physics and Electronics , Hunan University , Changsha 410082 , People's Republic of China.
2
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry , University of California , Los Angeles , California 90095 , United States.
3
State Key Laboratory for Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering , Hunan University , Changsha 410082 , People's Republic of China.

Abstract

Lithium sulfur (Li-S) batteries are attracting increasing interest for high-density energy storage. However, the practical application is limited by the rapid capacity fading over repeated charge/discharge cycles which is largely attributed to the formation and shuttling of soluble polysulfide species. To address these issues, we develop a hierarchical structure composite with triple protection strategy via graphene, organic conductor PEDOT, and nitrogen and phosphorus codoped biological carbon to encapsulate sulfur species (GOC@NPBCS). This unique hierarchical structure can effectively immobilize the sulfur species while at the same time improve the electrical conductivity and ensure efficient lithium ion transport to enable excellent Li-S battery performance. In particular, the biological carbon derived from natural bacteria features inherent nitrogen and phosphorus codoping with a strong absorption to lithium polysulfides, which can greatly suppress the dissolution and shuttling of polysulfides that are responsible for rapid capacity fading. With these synergistic effects, the GOC@NPBCS cathode exhibits exceptionally stable cycling stability (an ultralow capacity fading rate of 0.045% per cycle during 1000 cycles at the current rate of 5 C), high specific capacity (1193.8 mAh g-1 at 0.5 C based on sulfur weight), and excellent rate capability.

KEYWORDS:

Biological carbon; N and P codoping; lithium sulfur battery; polysulfide; shuttling effect

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