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Methods Mol Biol. 2019;2004:239-250. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-9520-2_18.

Live-Cell Fluorescence Imaging of RecN in Caulobacter crescentus Under DNA Damage.

Author information

1
National Centre for Biological Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Bangalore, India.
2
SASTRA University, Tanjore, India.
3
National Centre for Biological Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Bangalore, India. anjana@ncbs.res.in.

Abstract

Structural maintenance of chromosomes (SMC) proteins play a central role in the organization, segregation and maintenance of chromosomes across domains of life. In bacteria, an SMC-family protein, RecN, has been implicated to have important functions in DNA damage repair. Recent studies have suggested that RecN is required to increase chromosome cohesion in response to DNA damage and may also stimulate specific events during recombination-based repair. While biochemical and genetic assays provide insights into mechanism of action of RecN and other repair factors, in vivo understanding of activity and regulation of proteins can be predominantly gained via microscopy-based approaches. Here, we describe a protocol to study the localization of fluorescently tagged RecN to a site-specific double-strand break (DSB) in Caulobacter crescentus. We further outline a method to probe RecN dynamics in cells with a single, nonreplicating chromosome. This technique can be used to study the early steps of recombination-based repair and understand the regulation of protein recruitment to and further association with sites of damage.

KEYWORDS:

Bacterial DNA damage; Caulobacter crescentus; Double-strand break repair; Fluorescence imaging; Microscopy; RecN; SMC proteins

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