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Mutat Res. 1987 Sep;184(2):153-9.

Studies of gene transfer and reversion to mitomycin C resistance in Fanconi anemia cells.


As a first step to the cloning of the Fanconi anemia (FA) gene, we have attempted to correct the sensitivity of FA cells to DNA crosslinking agents by the introduction of wild-type DNA. The protocol involved the introduction of both genomic and pRSVneo DNA, selection for G418-resistant colonies and the subsequent selection of mitomycin C-resistant cells from the latter. Preliminary experiments indicated that untransformed FA cells were not suitable recipients for the introduction of foreign DNA, so all experiments were performed with an SV40-transformed FA cell line. Approximately 40,000 G418-resistant colonies were obtained in 5 separate experiments at an overall frequency of about 5 X 10(-4). These were then selected in mitomycin C and 15 colonies were recovered. Colonies were obtained with wild-type DNA (both human and rodent) and with FA DNA at about the same frequency of 2 X 10(-7). Colonies were isolated and shown to have a stable, partial (from 25 to 90% of wild-type) resistance to mitomycin C. One colony was also shown to be partially resistant to two other DNA crosslinking agents, diepoxybutane and nitrogen mustard. This clone also had an intermediate level of spontaneous and MMC-induced chromosome aberrations. pRSVneo, but not rodent, DNA could be demonstrated in the high molecular weight fraction of several colonies. Thus, it is likely that these colonies represent partial revertants rather than transfectants. These mitomycin C-resistant FA cells should be useful for the biochemical analysis of the FA mutation.

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