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PLoS One. 2019 May 30;14(5):e0216950. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0216950. eCollection 2019.

Combined effects of the rs9810888 polymorphism in calcium voltage-gated channel subunit alpha1 D (CACNA1D) and lifestyle behaviors on blood pressure level among Chinese children.

Author information

1
Institute of Child and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, China.
2
Key Laboratory of Molecular Epidemiology of Hunan Province/Teaching and Researching Office of Child and Adolescent Health, School of Medicine, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, China.
3
Department of Maternal and Child Health, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUNDS:

A recent GWAS Study found a new locus (rs9810888 in CACNA1D) was associated with blood pressure (BP) in Chinese adults. But whether the association exists in children is unknown. Whether lifestyle behaviors could interact with rs9810888 on BP is not clear. This study aimed to identify the association between rs9810888 and BP in children, and also explore the gene-lifestyle interaction.

METHODS:

A case-control study was conducted among 2030 Chinese children aged 7 to 18 years. Genotyping was conducted by using the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Lifestyle behaviors were investigated with questionnaire.

RESULTS:

With adjustment for age, age square, sex, study group and body mass index (BMI), rs9810888 was significantly associated with diastolic BP (DBP) (b = 1.69, p = 0.021) and mean arterial BP (MAP) (b = 1.56, p = 0.010). Stratified analysis showed that the rs9810888 GG genotype carriers had higher DBP than GT/TT carriers (b = 3.78, p = 0.023) in the subgroup having protein intake (meat/fish/soybeans/egg) <twice/day, but not in the subgroup ≥twice/day. In addition, in the subgroup with screen time≥2h/day, the rs9810888 GG genotype carriers had higher DBP than GT/TT carriers (b = 5.49, p = 0.012), but not in the subgroup with screen time<2h/day. For MAP, in the subgroup having either fruits or vegetables < twice/day, the rs9810888 GG genotype carriers had higher MAP than GT/TT carriers (b = 2.64, p = 0.037), but not in the subgroup with both fruits and vegetables intake ≥twice/day. Additionally, in the subgroup with screen time≥2h/day, the rs9810888 GG genotype carriers had higher MAP than GT/TT carriers (b = 4.80, p = 0.017), but not in those with screen time<2h/day.

CONCLUSIONS:

The CACNA1D rs9810888 polymorphism was significantly associated with DBP and MAP. In addition, unhealthy lifestyle behaviors and rs9810888 GG genotype had combined effects on BP level among Chinese children.

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