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Mol Nutr Food Res. 2019 May 30:e1900044. doi: 10.1002/mnfr.201900044. [Epub ahead of print]

Dietary Cocoa Prevents Aortic Remodeling and Vascular Oxidative Stress in Diabetic Rats.

Author information

1
Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Alimentos y Nutrición, 28040, Madrid, Spain.
2
Departamento de Fisiología. Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040, Madrid, Spain.
3
Departamento de Farmacología. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040, Madrid, Spain.
4
CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias, ISCIII 28029 Madrid, and Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Gregorio Marañón, 28007, Madrid, Spain.
5
CIBER de Diabetes y Enfermedades Metabólicas Asociadas, ISCIII, 28029, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

SCOPE:

The aim of the present study is to investigate the potential protective effect of a cocoa-rich diet on functional and structural vascular alterations in diabetes and the mechanism involved.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Male Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats are fed on a standard (ZDF-C) or cocoa-rich diet (ZDF-Co) from week 10 to 20 of life. Diabetic ZDF-C rats showed increased blood pressure and enhanced aortic stiffness, as demonstrated by the increased pulse pressure and the augmented aortic medial thickness with loss and disruption of elastic fibres. Interestingly, cocoa intake strongly avoided all these adverse effects and reduced aortic oxidative stress. Mechanistically, cocoa diet prevented sirtuin-1 (SIRT-1) depletion and increased NADPH oxidases (NOXs) and reactive oxygen species production as well as reduced active nuclear factor E2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) and their antioxidant products.

CONCLUSION:

The results demonstrate for the first time that a cocoa-rich diet strongly prevents aortic stiffening and remodeling in diabetic animals and avoids aortic oxidative stress. It is suggested that this effect could be mediated via its effects on SIRT-1, NOXs, and Nrf2.

KEYWORDS:

Zucker diabetic fatty rats; aortic stiffening; cocoa diet; obesity; polyphenols

PMID:
31144780
DOI:
10.1002/mnfr.201900044

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