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Int J Prev Med. 2019 Apr 26;10:47. doi: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_342_17. eCollection 2019.

Obscenity of Cigarette and Hookah Smoking in Iranian Adolescents: A Longitudinal School-based Study.

Author information

1
Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health & Tabriz Health Services Management Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
2
School of Health Administration, Faculty of Health Professions, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada.

Abstract

Background:

There is a very limited information on the obscenity of cigarette and hookah smoking among adolescents. Using a large and representative longitudinal sample of adolescents (n = 4820) aged 14-19 years from Tabriz (a metropolitan city in northwestern Iran), this study aimed at comparing the obscenity of cigarette and hookah smoking and assessing factors associated with obscenity of smoking. Moreover, we examined how the obscenity of cigarette and hookah smoking affected by the progress in the stages of cigarette and hookah smoking.

Methods:

In this longitudinal study, a random sample of high-school students was selected in Tabriz in 2010. Using a valid and reliable self-administered questionnaire, the data from the sampled students were collected twice at two points in time, 12 months apart. Multivariate backward logistic regression was used to determine the effect of the transition in cigarette (or hookah) smoking stages on the obscenity of cigarette (or hookah) smoking.

Results:

While 3,079 (63.9%) students expressed that obscenity of cigarette smoking is higher than obscenity of hookah smoking, 1,741 (36.1%) students expressed that obscenity of hookah smoking is higher than obscenity of cigarette smoking. The results of multivariate backward logistic regression indicated that the transition in cigarette (hookah) smoking stages was not related to the obscenity of cigarette (hookah) smoking.

Conclusions:

The results showed that obscenity of hookah smoking was less than obscenity of cigarette smoking, especially among females. Further study is required to understand the effect of obscenity on smoking and transition to different stages of cigarette and hookah smoking.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescence; adolescent behavior; cigarette; obscenity; substance-related disorders; water-pipe smoking

Conflict of interest statement

All authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest which could inappropriately influence the manuscript.

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