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Int J Prev Med. 2019 Apr 17;10:44. doi: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_480_18. eCollection 2019.

Trends in Fast-food Consumption among Kuwaiti Youth.

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1
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Life Sciences, Kuwait University, 13060 Safat, Kuwait.

Abstract

Background:

We assessed fast-food consumption including frequency, type, and reasons among college students from the Kuwait University, and whether there were any key sex differences.

Methods:

A cross-sectional survey was conducted from January-March 2016 with 421 students (297 women, mean age = 20.99 ± 3.14 years). Students completed self-administered fast-food questionnaires and weight and height measurements were obtained.

Results:

Most (81.4%) consumed fast food more than twice per week and more men than women were overweight or obese (54.8% vs. 38.7%, respectively; P = 0.002); however, there were no differences in the fast-food frequency per body mass index or sex. Taste was the most reported motivator to consume fast food (46.7%) and women were significantly more likely to value taste as compared to men (49.8% vs. 38.9%, respectively; P = 0.005).

Conclusions:

Fast food is a key part of college students' diet in Kuwait; therefore, students should be educated on the negative effects of frequent fast-food consumption. University health promotional activities should include nutrition education on healthier fast-food options and how to prepare easy-to-cook meals at home.

KEYWORDS:

Consumption; Kuwait; fast food; sex difference; taste; weight

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