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Asian J Neurosurg. 2019 Apr-Jun;14(2):575-577. doi: 10.4103/ajns.AJNS_259_18.

Cerebral Phaeohyphomycosis with Onychomycosis: Case Report and Review of Literature.

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Department of Neurosurgery, QRG Central Hospital and Research Centre, Faridabad, Haryana, India.
Department of Pathology, QRG Central Hospital and Research Centre, Faridabad, Haryana, India.


The term phaeohyphomycosis (PHM) means dark-pigmented fungal hyphae. Cerebral PHM (CPHM) with onychomycosis is extremely rare; very few have been reported so far. The authors report a case of CPHM with onychomycosis in a 37-year-old male from a rural background in Haryana, India, with involvement of the left frontal lobe. The mass was resected and biopsy was sent for histopathological examination. He was given antifungal drugs in the postoperative period. The patient responded very well to the treatment, and there were no signs of recurrence at the 6-month follow-up visit. The clinical features, imaging and histopathological investigations, and management of this rare entity are discussed, and the available literature is also reviewed.


Cerebral phaeohyphomycosis; fungal; onychomycosis

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