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Int J Yoga. 2019 May-Aug;12(2):146-152. doi: 10.4103/ijoy.IJOY_59_18.

Lifestyle - A Common Denominator for the Onset and Management of Migraine Headache: Complementing Traditional Approaches with Scientific Evidence.

Author information

1
Division of Yoga and Life Sciences, Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana a Deemed to be University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

Background:

Ayurveda and Yoga have gained popularity in the management of various chronic health problems associated with pain including migraine headache. It is evident from both scientific as well as traditional literature that stress, diet, sleep, and exposure to extreme climatic conditions act as triggering factors for the onset of migraine. Hence, it is essential to focus on lifestyle including diet as important factors for prevention and as adjuvant factors in the management of migraine headache.

Aim:

The aim was to propose a new perspective to the understanding of migraine headache keeping in view the role of lifestyle including diet.

Methods:

Classical Ayurveda texts and traditional Yoga scriptures were used to compile information on the role of lifestyle including diet in the onset and management of migraine headache. This was complemented by PubMed-based review of scientific literature.

Outcome:

Ayurveda texts provide an extensive information about the basic understanding, causes, precipitating factors, and management of migraine headache, while Yoga texts refer to the concept of mental stress (adhi) leading to physical health problems (vyadhi). It is evident from the literature that diet, sleep, exposure to extreme climatic conditions, and mental stress play an important role in the onset and management of migraine headache.

Conclusion:

Lifestyle appears to be the common factor for both onset and management of migraine headache.

KEYWORDS:

Ayurveda; diet; lifestyle; migraine headache; yoga

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