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ACS Nano. 2019 Jun 25;13(6):6455-6460. doi: 10.1021/acsnano.8b09342. Epub 2019 Jun 3.

Synthesis of WTe2 Nanowires with Increased Electron Scattering.

Woods JM1,2, Hynek D1,2, Liu P1,2, Li M3, Cha JJ1,2,4.

Author information

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science , Yale University , New Haven , Connecticut 06511 , United States.
2
Energy Sciences Institute , Yale West Campus , West Haven , Connecticut 06516 , United States.
3
Materials Characterization Core , Yale West Campus , West Haven , Connecticut 06516 , United States.
4
Azrieli Global Scholar , Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR) , Toronto , Ontario M5G 1M1 , Canada.

Abstract

Tungsten ditelluride (WTe2) has many interesting properties such as its extremely large nonsaturating magnetoresistance and quantum spin Hall state in the monolayer limit. The anisotropic crystal structure of WTe2 can allow for isolation of particular crystal directions to study the predicted Weyl states or crystal-symmetry-dependent magnetoresistance when studied at limited dimensions. In particular, the recent demonstration of superconductivity in WTe2 monolayer suggests that realizing nanowire geometry for WTe2 may be important to investigate potential Majorana zero modes predicted in one-dimensional topological superconductors. In this work, we demonstrate a large-yield, low-temperature synthesis of WTe2 nanowires, an approximate one-dimensional system, by converting WO3 nanowires via tellurization. The nanowires are single crystalline and have a higher resistivity than WTe2 exfoliated flakes with similar thickness. The increased resistivity is attributed to increased scattering from imperfect surfaces and higher surface-to-volume ratios of the WTe2 nanowires. We demonstrate that the synthesis method is generalizable to other transition-metal dichalcogenides, laying the foundation for further study of this class of materials in the one-dimensional limit.

KEYWORDS:

layered materials; magnetoresistance; nanowires; tungsten ditelluride; two-dimensional materials

PMID:
31141656
DOI:
10.1021/acsnano.8b09342

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