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Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 May 27;16(10). pii: E1871. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16101871.

Importance of Sock Type in the Development of Foot Lesions on Low-Difficulty, Short Hikes.

Author information

1
Department of Nursing, University of Extremadura, Plasencia, 10600 Cáceres, Spain. aperpic@unex.es.
2
Department of Anatomy, University of Extremadura, Plasencia, 10600 Cáceres, Spain. emingorance@unex.es.
3
Department of Statistics, University of Extremadura, Plasencia, 10600 Cáceres, Spain. rmartinez@unex.es.
4
Department of Anatomy, University of Extremadura, Plasencia, 10600 Cáceres, Spain. rmayordo@unex.es.

Abstract

Background and objectives: Foot lesions can be developed during hiking because of external factors. This makes it important to study the effect of hiking equipment on lesion development. Materials and Methods: Technical and non-technical socks were given to 109 hikers to wear during a short hike. Participants were examined at three stages of the hike to determine the development of dermal, muscle and nail lesions, temperature and perimeter in various areas of each foot. Results: The percentage of hikers without injuries was significantly higher among those wearing technical socks (p-value < 0.001). Differences were also observed in mean foot temperature, which was higher in participants wearing technical socks (p-value < 0.001). Conclusion: The results indicate that even on a low-difficulty, short-term sport activity, it is advisable to wear technical socks to prevent lesion development and keep the foot temperature more stable. Sock type was identified as an external conditioning factor in lesion development.

KEYWORDS:

hiking; sport injury; technical socks; temperature

PMID:
31137872
PMCID:
PMC6572579
DOI:
10.3390/ijerph16101871
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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