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J Photochem Photobiol B. 2019 Jul;196:111513. doi: 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2019.111513. Epub 2019 May 21.

Photobiomodulation therapy reduces acute pain and inflammation in mice.

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Graduate Program in Biotechnology, Laboratory of Regenerative Medicine, University of Araraquara (UNIARA), SP, Brazil.
Graduate Program in Biotechnology, Laboratory of Regenerative Medicine, University of Araraquara (UNIARA), SP, Brazil; Department of Physical Therapy, Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar), São Carlos, SP, Brazil; Biomedical Engineering Program, University of Brasil (UNIBRASIL), São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:


Photobiomodulation (PBM) is a therapy suggested for the treatment of pain and inflammation. Different mechanisms have been proposed to explain the analgesic and inflammatory effects of photobiomodulation, but there are still gaps on the mechanisms underlying. The objective was to investigate the analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect of red LED, as well as to investigate the possible mechanism of action in acute nociception models. Radiation was applied with red LED (660 nm, 215 mW, 84.64 mW/cm2, 2.531 J/cm2 (30s); 5.07 J/cm2 (60s) 7.61 J/cm2 (90s) and 10.15 J/cm2 (120 s)). The red LED applied 60 s before the experiments, promoted reduction of the nociceptive neurogenic (1st phase) and inflammatory pain (2nd phase) induced by intraplantar ( injection of formalin. This effect duration in the second phase was 180 min after pretreatment of the LED. Red LED also reduced nociception induced by intraperitoneal injection of acetic acid. Furthermore, red LED prevented nociception induced by injection of cinnamaldehyde, capsaicin, menthol and acidified saline. It was demonstrate the involvement of glutamatergic system with the reduction the nociception induced by glutamate. The red LED was able to prevent nociception induced by intracellular signaling cascades activators, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), bradykinin, forskolin and prostaglandin. In addition, red LED, respectively, from 30 to 90s demonstrated an antiedematogenic effect on ear edema and reduction the migration of inflammatory cells induced by single application of croton oil. Thus, the new findings in this study support some underlying mechanism by which red LED phototherapy reduces acute pain. However, need further clarification regarding analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect of the photobiomodulation in preclinical studies.


Acute pain; Analgesia; Light-emitting diode; Photobiomodulation; TRPs

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