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J BUON. 2019 Mar-Apr;24(2):585-590.

Correlations of coagulation indexes and inflammatory changes with the prognosis of lung cancer complicated with thromboembolic disease.

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1
Department of Respiratory, The First People Hospital of Zhangjiagang City, Soochow University, Zhangjiagang, China.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To investigate the correlations of coagulation indexes and inflammatory changes with the prognosis of lung cancer (LC) patients complicated with thromboembolic (TE) disease.

METHODS:

A total of 84 LC patients complicated with TE disease admitted to hospital from January 2010 to January 2016 were enrolled in this study and their clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. A 2-year post-treatment follow-up was carried out. According to the prognosis, patients were divided into 2 groups as dead group (n=25) and alive group (n=59). The coagulation indexes and inflammatory factor levels before low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH) treatment and on the 1st, 3rd, and 7th day after treatment were compared between the two groups. Their relations with the prognosis of patients were analyzed using Pearson method.

RESULTS:

No statistically significant difference was found in the prothrombin time (PT), levels of Fibrinogen (FIB), D-Dimer (D-D), Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and Procalcitonin (PCT), and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) before treatment between the two groups (p>0.05). The PT and levels of FIB, D-D, IL-6, and PCT on the 1st, 3rd, and 7th day after treatment were significantly increased in the dead group compared to those in the alive group, while the APTT was remarkably shortened. Moreover, the PT was gradually prolonged and FIB, D-D, IL-6 and PCT levels were increased in the dead group , but the APTT was gradually shortened over time (p<0.05). The poor prognosis of LC patients complicated with TE disease was positively correlated with PT, FIB, D-D, IL-6 and PCT, but negatively correlated with APTT (p<0.05).

CONCLUSION:

The poor prognosis of LC complicated with TE disease has positive correlations with PT, FIB, D-D, IL-6 and PCT, and a negative association with APTT, providing a certain reference as a prognostic value in the diagnosis and treatment.

PMID:
31128010
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