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Work. 2019;63(1):49-56. doi: 10.3233/WOR-192907.

Health coaching for healthcare employees with chronic disease: A pilot study.

Author information

1
Edman Wellness Services, Media, PA, USA.
2
School of Health Sciences, Physical Therapy Program, Stockton University, Galloway, NJ, USA.
3
University of Pennsylvania - School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA.
4
University of Witwatersrand - School of Health Sciences, Johannesburg, South Africa.
5
Integrative Medicine, Holy Redeemer Health System, Meadowbrook, PA, USA.
6
Department of Psychology, College of Science and Mathematics, Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Health coaching promotes healthy lifestyles and may be particularly helpful for employees with chronic disease.

OBJECTIVE:

Evaluate the effects of a health coaching program that targeted health-system employees with at least one cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor.

METHODS:

Fifty-four employees volunteered for a health coaching program (6-session, 12-week program, at least one cycle). 40 (74%) completed (mean age [SD] = 53.3 [10.3] years, Female = 95%, Caucasian = 83%). A certified and integrative health coach/nutritionist provided coaching. Self-reported outcomes were collected using a pre-post design.

RESULTS:

Participants reported high rates of obesity (75%), hypertension (52.5%), diabetes/prediabetes (47.5%), and hyperlipidemia (40%). In addition, 20% reported chronic pain/rehabilitation needs, 17.5% seasonal depression, and 30% other significant co-morbidities. Following coaching, participants reported significant weight loss (mean [SD] 7.2 [6.6] pounds, p < 0.0001, d = 1.11), increased exercise (from 0.8 to 2.3 sessions/week, p < 0.001, d = .89), reduced perceived stress (p < 0.04, d = .42), and a trend for improved sleep (p = 0.06, d = .38). Reduced stress correlated with both increased exercise (r = -.39, p < 0.05) and decreased fatigue (r = .36, p = 0.07).

CONCLUSION:

Health coaching for healthcare employees with obesity and other CVD risk factors is a promising approach to losing weight, reducing stress, making healthy lifestyle changes, and improving health and well-being.

KEYWORDS:

Obesity; cardiovascular disease; corporate wellness; diabetes; lifestyle

PMID:
31127744
DOI:
10.3233/WOR-192907
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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