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Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 May;98(21):e15779. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000015779.

Characteristics and outcomes of patients hospitalized with interstitial lung diseases in Spain, 2014 to 2015.

Author information

1
Respiratory Department, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM), Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Gregorio Marañón (IiSGM).
2
Preventive Medicine and Public Health Teaching and Research Unit, Department of Health Sciences, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Alcorcón, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

To assess characteristics and outcomes of patients hospitalized with interstitial lung diseases (ILD) and to analyze patient's comorbidities, procedures, and in-hospital outcomes.We identified patients hospitalized with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and others ILD such as hypersensitivity pneumonitis, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, lymphangioleiomyomatosis, pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis, and sarcoidosis in Spain during 2014 and 2015.We identified 14,565 discharges among patients admitted for ILD in Spain during the study period: idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) in 42.32% (n = 6164), sarcoidosis in 37.65% (n = 5484), hypersensitivity pneumonitis in 10.55% (n = 1538), cryptogenic organizing pneumonia in 7.06% (n = 1028), pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis in 1.48% (n = 215), and lymphangioleiomyomatosis in 0.94% (n = 136). The most common associated comorbidities according to those included in the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) were COPD, diabetes, and congestive heart disease. The presence of pulmonary hypertension increased the probability of dying in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (OR 1.36; 95%CI 1.06-1.73). Patients with cryptogenic organizing pneumonia had the longest length of hospital stay and the highest percentage of hospital readmissions (23.64%). The highest IHM corresponded to the idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (14.94%). Computed tomography of the chest was the procedure more used during admissions for ILD.IPF was responsible for larger percentage of hospital admission among ILD in our study. In addition, the IHM were higher in IPF patients in comparison with those with other ILD. The most common associated comorbidity in ILD according to those included in the CCI was COPD. Computed tomography of the chest was the procedure more frequently used.

PMID:
31124970
PMCID:
PMC6571208
DOI:
10.1097/MD.0000000000015779
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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