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Indian J Ophthalmol. 2019 Jun;67(6):917-921. doi: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_33_18.

Short-term incidence and management of glaucoma after successful surgery for stage 4 retinopathy of prematurity.

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Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.



The purpose of this study is to describe the short-term incidence, clinical features, and management of glaucoma in children after successful surgery for stage 4 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).


The retrospective study included all eyes undergoing successful surgery for stage 4 ROP with good outcomes at a tertiary eye care center between June 2014 and June 2016. Cases developing postoperative glaucoma underwent examination under anesthesia for measurement of intraocular pressures (IOP), corneal diameters, Retcam-assisted fundus imaging, and gonioscopy. Outcomes of glaucoma management were evaluated.


Hundred eyes of 70 babies underwent successful surgery for stage 4 ROP (with postoperative attached retina, and minimal sequelae) with minimum follow-up of 15 months. Six eyes (6%) developed postoperative glaucoma. Of these, four eyes had undergone lens-sparing vitrectomy and two were managed with lensectomy and vitrectomy (LV). Median time duration for development of glaucoma after primary vitreous surgery was 17.5 weeks. Two cases could be managed with topical IOP-lowering agents alone, whereas four required filtering surgeries (trabeculotomy with trabeculectomy and 0.04% mitomycin C [MMC] application). Average IOP decreased from 25 ± 2.36 to 12.2 ± 2.05 mmHg at 12 months from glaucoma diagnosis.


Glaucoma is a potential adverse event following successful vitreous surgery for stage 4 ROP. A combined trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy along with MMC gives favorable outcome.


Combined glaucoma surgery; glaucoma in retinopathy of prematurity; goniodysgenesis; retinopathy of prematurity; stage 4 retinopathy of prematurity; trabeculectomy; trabeculotomy; vitrectomy

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