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Indian J Ophthalmol. 2019 Jun;67(6):903-907. doi: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_741_18.

Surgical outcomes of immediate sequential bilateral vitreoretinal surgery for advancing retinopathy of prematurity.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
2
Department of Ocular Anaesthesia, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

Purpose:

Bilateral eye surgery in the same session may be required for advancing stage 4 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of immediate sequential bilateral vitreoretinal surgery (ISBVS) in stage 4 ROP.

Methods:

In a retrospective interventional study at a tertiary care center, 60 eyes of 30 infants who underwent ISBVS for stage 4 ROP between December 2015 and May 2017 were studied. In cases with clear retrolental access, 25G or 27G lens sparing vitrectomy (LSV) was performed and in the rest 25G lensectomy with vitrectomy (LV) was performed through clear corneal entries. The final anatomical outcome measures were the status of tractional retinal detachment (TRD) and macular status.

Results:

The mean gestational age was 28.4 ± 2.0 weeks and birth weight was 1214.5 ± 329.7gms. The mean postconceptional age at surgery was 40.8 ± 2.2 weeks. Stages 4a and 4b were present in 86.7% and 13.3% eyes respectively. LSV was performed in 95% eyes whereas LV was performed in the rest. None of the eyes developed lens touch, choroidal hemorrhage, postoperative hypotony, corneal decompensation, or endophthalmitis. At last follow-up (mean 45 weeks, range 20-68 weeks), macula was attached in 90% eyes with the TRD resolved completely in 61.7% eyes and significantly decreased in another 25% eyes. Sequalae included macular drag, epiretinal membrane, and progression to fibrotic stage 5 disease.

Conclusion:

ISBVS is safe and effective for bilateral stage 4 ROP and should be recommended in rapidly progressive cases.

KEYWORDS:

Immediate sequential bilateral vitreoretinal surgery; lens sparing vitrectomy; retinopathy of prematurity; tractional retinal detachment

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