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J Appl Res Intellect Disabil. 2019 Nov;32(6):1401-1411. doi: 10.1111/jar.12620. Epub 2019 May 23.

The Game of Life soccer program: Effect on skills, physical fitness and mobility in persons with intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder.

Author information

1
The Edmond and Lily Safra Children's Hospital, The Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, Israel.
2
Department of Physical Education, Kaye Academic College of Education, Beer-Sheva, Israel.
3
Israel Sport Center for the Disabled, Ramat Gan, Israel.
4
Mifalot Education and Society Enterprises, Tel Aviv, Israel.
5
The Academic College at Wingate, Wingate Institute, Netanya, Israel.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Soccer is the world's most popular sport. The present authors evaluated the effect of the Game of Life (GOL) soccer initiative on soccer skills, fitness and mobility of adults with intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

METHODS:

The programme is comprised of once-weekly sessions.

OUTCOMES:

soccer skills, fitness and mobility. Effectiveness was evaluated using within-/between-group analyses (e.g. effect size, ES).

RESULTS:

Fifty adults with intellectual disability and 19 with ASD (age = 31.80 ± 10.11) participated in this study. From pre-test to post-test, the intellectual disability group improved their soccer skills (ES = 0.437); physical fitness-the intellectual disability group presented trivial ESs, whereas the ASD group showed moderate-to-large ESs; Mobility-only the ASD group presented a significant improvement (ES=-0.435), and the intellectual disability group presented better ability in most outcomes in pre- and post-tests.

CONCLUSION:

The findings indicated differences in entry-level performance and training impact between the two groups. This should be considered when developing training programmes for soccer players.

KEYWORDS:

Special Olympics International; ball games; motor assessment

PMID:
31124217
DOI:
10.1111/jar.12620

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