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J Autism Dev Disord. 2019 Sep;49(9):3906-3914. doi: 10.1007/s10803-019-04071-4.

Diagnosis and Management of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Russia: Clinical-Biological Approaches.

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Mental Health Research Centre, Moscow, Russia, 115522.
Mental Health Research Centre, Moscow, Russia, 115522.
National Research Centre for Epidemiology and Microbiology N.F. Gamaleya of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, 123098.
Department of Neuroscience, Psychology and Behavior, University of Leicester, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK.
The Evington Centre, Leicestershire Partnership NHS Trust, Leicester General Hospital, Gwendolen Rd, Leicester, LE5 4QG, UK.


The study describes the latest recommended and adopted clinical and management practice for children and adults with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) in Russia and discusses the most recent research work by Russian clinicians and neuroscientists in the field. The study also presents data from the first epidemiological studies on ASD prevalence and explores the latest recommendations for clinical-biological assessments for ASD diagnosis and management in Russia. The authors call for collaboration of experts in ASD field to exchange clinical and research ideas between professionals from Russia and Western European countries and expand our mutual knowledge about ASD. This should include clinical and neurobiological studies aiming to develop differential rational approaches for ASD individual management throughout lifespan of these affected individuals.


Adults; Autism spectrum disorders; Biomarkers; Children; Diagnosis; Management; Prevalence


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