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J Adolesc Health. 2019 Jun;64(6S):S19-S27. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2019.01.003.

Adolescent Smoking in Hong Kong: Prevalence, Psychosocial Correlates, and Prevention.

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School of Public Health, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, PR China. Electronic address:
School of Public Health, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, PR China.
School of Nursing, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, PR China.


Preventing adolescent smoking is important as smoking is typically initiated by young people. This article reviews the prevalence, psychosocial correlates, and prevention of smoking in Hong Kong adolescents. The past 30-day smoking prevalence in adolescents decreased from 9.6% in 2003 to 2.5% in 2017. Tobacco advertisements, parental and best friends smoking, nonintact families, poor family relationships, lower socioeconomic status, being a new immigrant, poor knowledge of smoking-related harm, positive attitudes toward smoking, overestimation of peer smoking, and depressive symptoms were positively associated with smoking outcomes, whereas positive youth development, authoritative mother and permissive father, family functioning, school competence, and stronger tobacco industry denormalization beliefs were protective against smoking. Along with tobacco tax increase, ban on tobacco advertisements, smoke-free law and pictorial warnings, educational efforts through theater performances, social norms campaigns, and positive adolescent training programs have been conducted to prevent adolescent smoking. To achieve the ultimate goal of tobacco endgame, further tax increase, plain packaging, banning point-of-sale display of tobacco products, smoke-free area extension, and raising minimum age of purchase should be implemented. The government proposed law to ban e-cigarettes, and heated tobacco products should be passed soon to protect children and adolescents from using these products.


Adolescent; Hong Kong; Smoking; Tobacco

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