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Rhinology. 2019 Aug 1;57(4):303-312. doi: 10.4193/Rhin19.027.

Exploring the association between ingestion of foods with higher potential salicylate content and symptom exacerbation in chronic rhinosinusitis. Data from the National Chronic Rhinosinusitis Epidemiology Study.

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Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norfolk NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom; James Paget University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Gorleston, United Kingdom.
Royal Sussex County Hospital, Surrey, United Kingdom.
Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norfolk NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom.
Guys and St Thomas Hospital, London, United Kingdom.
Freeman Hospital, Newcastle, United Kingdom.
Sheffield University Teaching Hospitals, Sheffield, United Kingdom.
Royal Surrey County Hospital, Guildford, United Kingdom.
Darlington Memorial Hospital, United Kingdom.
Wrightington, Wigan and Leigh NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom.
Southern General Hospital, Glasgow, United Kingdom.
Birmingham Heartlands Hospital, Birmingham, United Kingdom.
Royal Berkshire Hospital, Reading, United Kingdom.



Pharmacological salicylates are known to trigger respiratory exacerbations in patients with Non-Steroidal Exacerbated Respiratory Disease (N-ERD), a specific phenotype of Chronic Rhinosinusitis (CRS) and asthma. The impact of dietary sources of salicylates across subgroups of CRS is not well understood. The hypothesis is that in patients with nasal polyps present, there is likely to be a higher incidence of symptom exacerbation due to dietary salicylates regardless of any known response to pharmacological salicylate.


The Chronic Rhinosinusitis Epidemiology Study (CRES) was a questionnaire-based case-control study which sought to characterise the UK CRS population in terms of sociological, economic and medical factors. Using specific questions to examine participant responses relating to symptom exacerbation from food groups thought to be high in salicylate content, this analysis of the CRES database sought to compare an estimate of the prevalence of dietary sensitivity due to food with higher potential salicylate content across patients with CRS with (CRSwNPs) and without nasal polyposis (CRSsNPs) and with allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS).


The CRSwNPs group were significantly more likely than controls to report symptom exacerbation due to ingestion of food groups with higher potential dietary salicylate content. The same trend was observed amongst CRSsNPs participants to a lesser degree. Reported response to the individual specific food groups wine, nuts, spicy foods, fruit and vegetables demonstrated that a statistically significant proportion of CRSwNPs and AFRS participants reported sensitivity to wine.


This analysis suggests that there is an association between symptom exacerbation in response to food products with higher potential salicylate content, specifically wine, in CRS patients both with and without nasal polyposis when compared to controls, but especially in the CRSwNPs and AFRS phenotypes. Further studies are needed to detail if this relationship represents a causal relationship to dietary salicylate. The data present the possibility that a wider group of CRS patients may elicit salicylate sensitivity than those with known N-ERD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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