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Infect Immun. 1987 Aug;55(8):1792-800.

Physical heterogeneity of neisserial lipooligosaccharides reflects oligosaccharides that differ in apparent molecular weight, chemical composition, and antigenic expression.

Abstract

We studied the oligosaccharides (OS) of outer membrane lipooligosaccharides (LOS) of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Neisseria meningitidis. OS from the LOS of an individual neisserial strain always eluted from Sephadex G-50S as multiple peaks; the polyacrylamide gel elution profiles were nearly identical to the polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis profiles of the sodium dodecyl sulfate-disaggregated native LOS from which the OS were derived. Neisserial OS coeluted with Dex14 to Dex27 dextran oligomers (Mr, 2,210 to 4,320). Monosaccharide composition varied among the several OS released from the LOS of a single strain. The two OS of a gonococcal strain sensitive to normal human serum (NHS) bacteriolysis (sers) varied in their ability to inhibit the binding of NHS immunoglobulin M to their parental LOS. The OS that was rich in hexosamines inhibited NHS immune lysis of its parent strain; the OS that was poor in hexosamines did not. We conclude that structural differences in their OS account for the Mr heterogeneity of the LOS of a strain.

PMID:
3112010
PMCID:
PMC260603
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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