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Parasite. 2019;26:30. doi: 10.1051/parasite/2019030. Epub 2019 May 23.

First report of Leishmania (Viannia) lindenbergi causing tegumentary leishmaniasis in the Brazilian western Amazon region.

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Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Unidade Rondônia, Porto Velho, Rondônia, Brazil.
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, IOC, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Secretaria de Saúde de Rondônia, SESAU, Porto Velho, Rondônia, Brazil.


Tegumentary Leishmaniasis (TL) in the Brazilian Amazon region is associated with several Leishmania species. In this report, we describe two cases of TL related to Leishmania lindenbergi occurring in different locations of Rondônia state. After clinical diagnosis, lesion samples were collected for parasitological diagnoses via direct microscopic visualization, parasite isolation, and PCR. PCR reactions were positive in both clinical samples. Parasite isolation was possible for both patients, and isolates were submitted to species identification by isoenzyme electrophoresis and DNA sequencing. This report is the first to describe human infections caused by L. lindenbergi since the initial description and record of human infection by this species in 2002.

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