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Disabil Health J. 2019 Oct;12(4):564-573. doi: 10.1016/j.dhjo.2019.04.005. Epub 2019 May 3.

Preventive care services and health behaviors in children with fragile X syndrome.

Author information

1
Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE), National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Atlanta, GA, 30341, USA. Electronic address: kgilbertson@alumni.emory.edu.
2
Carter Consulting, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Atlanta, GA, 30341, USA. Electronic address: lhu2@cdc.gov.
3
National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Atlanta, GA, 30341, USA. Electronic address: esv8@cdc.gov.
4
Department of Human Genetics, Emory University School of Medicine, 1648 Pierce Drive NE, Atlanta, GA, 30307, USA. Electronic address: ssherma@emory.edu.
5
Department of Neurological Sciences and Biochemistry, Rush University, 1653 West Congress Parkway, Chicago, IL, 60612, USA. Electronic address: elizabeth_berry-kravis@rush.edu.
6
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH, 45229, USA. Electronic address: craig.erickson@cchmc.org.
7
National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Atlanta, GA, 30341, USA. Electronic address: rbv4@cdc.gov.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This is the first description of preventive care services specifically received by children and young adults with fragile X syndrome (FXS). We compare these rates to those of other pediatric populations and identify care disparities within our cohort.

OBJECTIVE:

Describe the frequency of preventive care services and health behaviors by young people with FXS, and identify disparities in care.

METHODS:

We assessed four preventive care outcomes and the total number of preventive care guidelines met among individuals under 21 years from the ongoing Fragile X Online Registry with Accessible Research Database (N = 406) using data from 2012 to 2015. We used adjusted odds ratios (AORs) from multiple logistic regression models to describe associations between demographic factors and preventive care outcomes.

RESULTS:

Seventy-five percent of our sample met dental care guidelines, 55.4% met influenza vaccination guidelines, 92.1% met immunization guidelines, and 24.4% met physical activity (PA) guidelines. Compared to children six to 10 years, younger children were less likely to have seen a dentist as recommended (AOR: 0.26) and young adults aged 16-20 were less likely to have received immunizations (AOR: 0.14) or to have engaged in recommended PA (AOR: 0.29). Black participants (AOR: 0.25) were less likely to have received an influenza vaccination than white participants. Individuals with autism (AOR: 0.25) were less likely to have sufficient PA, while individuals with hypersensitivity were more likely to have sufficient PA (AOR: 2.37) than unaffected individuals.

CONCLUSIONS:

The proportion of young people with FXS that meet basic recommendations in preventive care guidelines varies according to health condition and demographic characteristics. This proportion could be increased for some groups, particularly in the cases of influenza vaccination and physical activity.

KEYWORDS:

Dental care; Exercise; Flu shot; Fragile X; Vaccination

PMID:
31118158
PMCID:
PMC6778488
[Available on 2020-10-01]
DOI:
10.1016/j.dhjo.2019.04.005

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