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Sao Paulo Med J. 2019 May 8;137(1):54-59. doi: 10.1590/1516-3180.2018.0238101218.

Chest pain score: a novel and practical approach to angina pectoris. A diagnostic accuracy study.

Author information

1
MD. Physician, Department of Cardiology, Eskisehir State Hospital, Eskisehir, Turkey.
2
MD. Physician, Department of Cardiology, Canakkale Onsekizmart University, Canakkale, Turkey.
3
MD. Physician, Department of Cardiology, Selcuk State Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The chest pain classifications that are currently in use are based on studies that are several decades old. Various studies have indicated that these classifications are not sufficient for determining the origin of chest pain without additional diagnostic tests or tools. We describe a new chest pain scoring system that examines the relationship between chest pain and ischemic heart disease (IHD).

DESIGN AND SETTING:

Cross-sectional study conducted in a tertiary-level university hospital and two public hospitals.

METHODS:

Chest pain scores were assigned to 484 patients. These patients then underwent a treadmill stress test, followed by myocardial perfusion scintigraphy if necessary. Coronary angiography was then carried out on the patients whose tests had been interpreted as positive for ischemia. Afterwards, the relationship between myocardial ischemia and the test score results was investigated.

RESULTS:

The median chest pain score was 2 (range: 0-7) among the patients without IHD and 6 (1-8) among those with IHD. The median score of patients with IHD was significantly higher than that of patients without IHD (P = 0.001). Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that the score had sensitivity of 97% and specificity of 87.5% for detecting IHD.

CONCLUSION:

We developed a pre-test chest pain score that uses a digital scoring system to assess whether or not the pain was caused by IHD. This scoring system can be applied easily and swiftly by healthcare professionals and can prevent the confusion that is caused by other classification and scoring systems.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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