Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Vet J. 2019 Jun;248:37-41. doi: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2019.04.003. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Platelet indices as biomarkers for characterization and determination of severity in canine chronic enteropathy.

Author information

1
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, PO Box 647060, Pullman, WA 99164-7060, USA.
2
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, PO Box 647060, Pullman, WA 99164-7060, USA. Electronic address: jmhaines@wsu.edu.

Abstract

Human studies have shown an association between certain platelet indices and active inflammatory bowel disease when compared to healthy controls. The objectives of this retrospective study were to determine if any platelet indices differ between dogs with chronic enteropathies and healthy age- and sex-matched control dogs and are predictive of the severity of chronic enteropathy based on canine chronic enteropathy clinical activity index (CCECAI) scores. Medical records for 22 chronic enteropathy-positive dogs and 22 healthy control dogs were reviewed for historical and physical examination findings, platelet indices, and histologic diagnoses of chronic enteropathy. Platelet indices were compared between the groups, and an association between platelet indices and CCECAI scores in dogs with chronic enteropathy was investigated. Chronic diarrhea and weight loss were common clinical signs associated with chronic enteropathy. Lymphoplasmacytic enteritis was the most common histologic diagnosis. Only one platelet index, platelet component distribution width (P =  0.045), was found to be significantly different between the groups. For predicting severity of disease, determined by CCECAI score, statistically significant differences in indices associated with higher scores were platelet count (P = 0.024) and platelet dry mass distribution width (P =  0.036). Only platelet component distribution width showed potential in characterizing dogs with chronic enteropathy compared to normal dogs. Elevated platelet count and decreased platelet dry mass distribution width had a significant effect on total CCECAI scores. These findings suggest further investigation into the utility of platelet indices as predictors of disease presence and severity in dogs with chronic enteropathy is warranted.

KEYWORDS:

CCECAI; Enteritis; Inflammation; Thrombocytes

PMID:
31113560
DOI:
10.1016/j.tvjl.2019.04.003

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center