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Mol Brain. 2019 May 21;12(1):51. doi: 10.1186/s13041-019-0469-9.

A protein phosphatase 2A deficit in the hippocampal CA1 area impairs memory extinction.

Author information

1
Department of Neurobiology, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 211166, Jiangsu, China.
2
Department of Neurobiology, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 211166, Jiangsu, China. gaojun@njmu.edu.cn.
3
Model Animal Research Center and MOE Key Laboratory of Model Animals for Disease Study, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210093, Jiangsu, China. gaoxiang@nicemice.cn.

Abstract

Protein phosphorylation plays an important role in learning and memory. Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a serine/threonine phosphatase involved in the regulation of neural synaptic plasticity. Here, to determine if PP2A is necessary for successful learning and memory, we have utilized a Tg (Camk2a-cre) T29-2Stl mice to specific knock down the expression of hippocampal PP2A in mice. By analysing behavioural, we observed that loss of PP2A in the hippocampal CA1 area did not affect the formation of memory but impaired contextual fear memory extinction. We use the electrophysiological recording to find the synaptic mechanisms. The results showed that the basic synapse transmission and synaptic plasticity of PP2A conditional knockout (CKO) mice were impaired. Moreover, PP2A CKO mice exhibited a saturating long-term potentiation inducted by strong theta burst stimulation but no depotentiation after low-frequency stimulation. Taken together, our results provide the evidence that PP2A is involved in synaptic transmission and hippocampus-dependent memory extinction.

KEYWORDS:

Extinction; Hippocampus; Learning and memory; PP2A; Synaptic plasticity

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