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J Exerc Rehabil. 2019 Apr 26;15(2):176-179. doi: 10.12965/jer.1938046.023. eCollection 2019 Apr.

Trends in exercise neuroscience: raising demand for brain fitness.

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Department of Sports Medicine, College of Health Science, CHA University, Pocheon, Korea.
Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan.
Department of Physical Education, College of Education, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea.
School of Sports & Health Science, College of Arts, Kyungsung University, Busan, Korea.
School of Exercise & Sport Science, College of Natural Sciences, University of Ulsan, Ulsan, Korea.


Physical exercise is increasingly recognized as an important component in the neuroscience related field. What is the targeting of exercise and what accounts for the exercise's benefits observed in neuroscience? Several types of exercise have been studied in various fields across physiological, psychological, and biochemical experiments of neuroscience. However, more clarity is needed to unveil optimal exercise conditions such as frequency, intensity, type, and time. In this review, we briefly highlight the positive effects of exercise on promoting brain function. Key areas relate to exercise neuroscience are as follow: structural level with synaptic plasticity and neurogenesis, functional level with behavioral development, and molecular level with possible mechanisms that involved in exercise-induced brain plasticity. Overall, we provide the importance of understanding the exercise neuroscience and highlight suggestions for future health research.


Brain; Exercise; Neurogenesis; Neuroplasticity; Neuroscience

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CONFLICT OF INTEREST No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.

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