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Curr Mol Med. 2019;19(7):506-524. doi: 10.2174/1566524019666190520094644.

Repurposing of Fluvastatin Against Candida albicans CYP450 Lanosterol 14 α-demethylase, a Target Enzyme for Antifungal Therapy: An In silico and In vitro Study.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, Indo-Soviet Friendship Pharmacy College (ISFCP), Moga, Punjab, India.
2
Department of Biotechnology, Indo-Soviet Friendship College of Professional Studies (ISFCPS), Moga, Punjab, India.
3
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER-Raebareli), Lucknow (UP), India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The incidence of fungal infections has increased significantly. Specifically the cases of candida albicans infection are increasing day by day and their resistance to clinically approved drugs is a major concern for humans. Various classes of antifungal drugs are available in the market for the treatment of these infections but unfortunately, none of them is able to treat the infection.

OBJECTIVES:

Thus, in the present investigation, we have repurposed the well-known drug (Fluvastatin) in the treatment of Candida albicans infections by using in silico, in vitro and ex vivo techniques.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Computational and in vitro techniques.

RESULTS:

Firstly, we developed and validated a simple model of CYP45014α-lanosterol demethylase of Candida albicans by using crystal structure of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (1EA1). Further, fluvastatin was docked with a validated model of CYP45014α-lanosterol demethylase and revealed good binding affinity as that of fluconazole. In vitro results (Percentage growth retardation, Fungal growth kinetics, Biofilm test and Post antifungal test) have shown good antifungal activity of fluvastatin. Finally, the results of MTT assay have shown non-cytotoxic effect of fluvastatin in murine splenocytes and thymocytes.

CONCLUSION:

However, further in vivo studies are required to confirm the complete role of fluvastatin as an antifungal agent.

KEYWORDS:

Candida albicans; docking study; ex vivo study; fluvastatin; homologous model; in vitro study.

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