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Eur J Orthod. 2019 May 20. pii: cjz029. doi: 10.1093/ejo/cjz029. [Epub ahead of print]

Social media and orthodontic treatment from the patient's perspective: a systematic review.

Author information

1
Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 251 Hellenic Air Force and VA General Hospital, Athens, Greece.
2
Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, University of Bern, Switzerland.
3
Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, School of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Social media are one of the most common and easily accessible ways of gaining information about orthodontic treatment.

OBJECTIVE:

The main objective of this study was to systematically search the literature and determine the various aspects of the interrelationship between social media and orthodontics from the patient's perspective.

SEARCH METHODS:

Electronic database searches of published and unpublished literature were performed. The reference lists of all eligible articles were hand-searched for additional studies.

SELECTION CRITERIA:

Randomized clinical trials (RCTs), prospective, retrospective, and cross-sectional studies were included.

DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS:

Study selection, data extraction, and risk of bias assessment were performed individually and in duplicate by the first two authors.

RESULTS:

One RCT, three retrospective, and four cross-sectional studies were deemed as eligible for inclusion in this review. The studies included patient's statements in social media or results from questionnaires given to patients. The social media reported were with order of frequency: Twitter, YouTube, Facebook, Google+, Pinterest, and Instagram. The feelings the patients expressed seemed to be more positive than negative: enthusiasm, self-esteem and pleasure, excitement about the aesthetic result, excitement after braces removal but also antipathy, annoyances, reduced self-esteem, and impatience for removing mechanisms. In addition, one study referred to bullying through Twitter.

LIMITATIONS:

The high amount of heterogeneity precluded a valid interpretation of the results through pooled estimates.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

This systematic review demonstrated that information about orthodontics, how the patient feels, and other psychosocial facets are spread through social media. It is intuitive that research relating to the effects and impact of orthodontic interventions should account not only for the physical impacts of treatment but also to encompass patient-centered outcomes.

REGISTRATION:

The protocol of this study was not registered in publicly assessable database.

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST:

None to declare.

PMID:
31107943
DOI:
10.1093/ejo/cjz029

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