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Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2019 May 20. doi: 10.5603/FM.a2019.0058. [Epub ahead of print]

The determination of the pituitary gland, optic chiasm, and intercavernous distance measurements in healthy subjects according to age and gender.

Author information

1
CUKUROVA UNIVERSITY, MEDICINE FACULTY, DEPARTMENT OF ANATOMY, CUKUROVA UNIVERSITY, MEDICINE FACULTY, DEPARTMENT OF ANATOMY, 01380 SARIÇAM/ADANA, Turkey. sezaoz@hotmail.com.
2
Adana City Research and Training Hospital University of Health Sciences, Department of Radiology, Adana, Turkey, Adana City Research and Training Hospital University of Health Sciences.
3
Adana Medline Hospital, Adana medline Hospital Radiology Department, Adana, Adana, Turkey.
4
CUKUROVA UNIVERSITY, MEDICINE FACULTY, DEPARTMENT OF ANATOMY, CUKUROVA UNIVERSITY, MEDICINE FACULTY, DEPARTMENT OF ANATOMY, 01380 SARIÇAM/ADANA, Turkey.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This paper was undertaken to determine the morphometry of pituitary gland diameter, pituitary gland height, intercavernous distance, optic chiasm diameter and optic chiasm height in skulls of Turkish population aged between 18-60 years.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

It was a retrospective study in which 292 subjects were included 187 females and 105 males, ranging from 18 up to 60 years. Subjects having brain MRI in the Radiology Department. Statistical analysis were evaluated with SPSS 21.00 programme. ANOVA Test, Chi-Square Test, and Pearson Correlation analysis were used to determine the relation and significance between measurements and age group. The p<0.05 value was considered as significant.

RESULTS:

The groups were divided into five groups according to age. The overall means and standard deviations of the measurements were: pituitary gland width, 13.09±1.99 mm; pituitary gland height, 4.91±1.10 mm; intercavernous distance, 15.93±3.05 mm; optic chiasm width, 12.82±1.27 mm; and optic chiasm height, 2.80±0.49 mm in females, respectively whereas, the same measurements were 12.96±1.74 mm; 4.79±0.95 mm; 16.08±3.11 mm; 13.13±1.37 mm; 2.86±0.70 mm in males, respectively. Height of the pituitary gland reached a maximum in the 18 to 20 years of age group in both females and males, after there was a decrease in the pituitary gland height in the subsequent age groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

Knowledge of the variation in the size of pituitary gland, intercavernous distance and optic chiasm is more important to evaluate the dimensions of this structures for clinical and pathological processes.

KEYWORDS:

intercavernous distance; morphometry; optic chiasm; pituitary gland

PMID:
31106844
DOI:
10.5603/FM.a2019.0058
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