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Am J Kidney Dis. 2019 Nov;74(5):629-639. doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2019.03.416. Epub 2019 May 15.

Microangiopathic Lesions in IgA Nephropathy: A Cohort Study.

Author information

1
Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China.
2
Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China; Electron Microscopy Laboratory, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China.
3
Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China. Electronic address: jichenglv75@gmail.com.
4
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA.

Abstract

RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE:

Renal arteriolar microangiopathic lesions may occur in immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN), but their role in disease progression remains unclear. We sought to understand the prevalence and character of microangiopathic lesions in IgAN and their role in disease progression.

STUDY DESIGN:

A retrospective cohort study.

SETTING & PARTICIPANTS:

In this study, we enrolled a Chinese cohort with 944 adult patients with IgAN who had been followed up for at least 1 year.

PREDICTORS:

Renal arteriolar microangiopathic lesions.

OUTCOMES:

Composite kidney end point event defined as a>50% reduction in estimated glomerular filtration rate, end-stage kidney disease, or death.

ANALYTICAL APPROACH:

All kidney biopsies were independently reviewed by 2 investigators. Renal arteriolar microangiopathic lesions were detected using light microscopy. Multivariable Cox regression analysis was used to test the association between microangiopathic lesions and the outcomes.

RESULTS:

Overall, 194 (20.6%) patients had renal arteriolar microangiopathic lesions. Patients with microangiopathic lesions presented with higher blood pressures, more severe proteinuria, and lower estimated glomerular filtration rates (all P<0.001) than patients without microangiopathic lesions. After a median follow-up of 4.2 years, 75 (38.7%) patients with microangiopathic lesions and 83 (11.1%) patients without these lesions reached the composite kidney end point (P<0.001). In a multivariable Cox regression model adjusting for clinical and pathologic variables available at the time of biopsy, the presence of microangiopathic lesions was an independent risk factor for kidney failure (HR, 1.95; 95% CI, 1.34-2.83; P<0.001). Renal vascular sclerosis (arterial intimal fibrosis or arteriolar hyalinosis) was not a risk factor for kidney disease progression (P = 0.5).

LIMITATIONS:

A single Chinese center's experience, retrospective study, most patients were not tested for hemolytic markers (for example, haptoglobin level, lactate dehydrogenase level, and schistocytes).

CONCLUSIONS:

Renal arteriolar microangiopathic lesions are frequent in IgAN and their presence is independently associated with progression to kidney failure. If confirmed in other patient cohorts, such lesions could be considered for inclusion in formal classification schemes of IgAN.

KEYWORDS:

IgA nephropathy (IgAN); MEST-C score; Oxford classification; glomerular disease; kidney biopsy; kidney disease progression; microangiopathic lesions; renal pathology; renal vascular

PMID:
31103332
DOI:
10.1053/j.ajkd.2019.03.416

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