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FEBS Lett. 1987 Jul 13;219(1):259-63.

Molecular cloning of a new human G protein. Evidence for two Gi alpha-like protein families.


The amino acid sequence of a novel G protein alpha subunit (Gx alpha) has been deduced from the nucleotide sequence of a human cDNA clone isolated from a differentiated HL-60 cDNA library. The cDNA encodes a polypeptide of 354 amino acids (Mr 40,519) which is closely related to Gi alpha proteins. The amino acid sequence homology between Gx alpha and human myeloid Gi alpha is 86% with 15 nonconservative substitutions. Gx alpha also shares 86% homology with both rat brain and mouse macrophage Gi alpha but is more homologous (94%) to bovine brain Gi alpha with only 5 nonconservative amino acid differences. G proteins previously termed Gi alpha may fall into at least two distinct groups, with one including human myeloid Gi alpha, rat brain Gi alpha and mouse macrophage Gi alpha; and other Gx alpha and bovine brain Gi alpha. One group probably contains true Gi and the other a new class of G protein whose function remains to be determined.

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