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Eur J Anaesthesiol. 1987 May;4(3):183-6.

Effects of a heat and moisture exchanger on carbon dioxide equilibrium during mechanical ventilation with the Bain circuit.

Abstract

The introduction of a heat and moisture exchanger (HME) into the anaesthetic circuit may cause a rise in carbon dioxide (CO2) tension through an increase in dead space. We studied the effects of the Ultipor Pall BB50 filter included 'in series' in the Bain circuit on CO2 equilibrium. Arterial carbon dioxide tension (PaCO2) was measured in 81 patients scheduled for elective surgery before and after the insertion of the filter. Results showed that: females were always more hyperventilated than males when fresh gas flow was set at 70 ml kg-1 ideal body weight; the inclusion of the filter increased the PaCO2 in the group as a whole (the difference was statistically, but not clinically, significant); PaCO2 increased after the application of the filter only in females; the effects of the filter were completely independent of the patient's age. It is concluded that the use of the Ultipor Pall BB50 filter is a safe procedure during mechanical ventilation with the Bain breathing system and there is no need to modify ventilation.

PMID:
3109894
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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