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Dement Neurocogn Disord. 2019 Mar;18(1):1-9. doi: 10.12779/dnd.2019.18.1.1. Epub 2019 Apr 25.

Survey of Current Status and Cognition of Activities of Daily Living in Dementia Patients: the 2018 "Il-sang-ye-chan" Campaign.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Hanyang University Guri Hospital, Guri, Korea.
2
Department of Neurology, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang, Korea.
3
Department of Neurology, Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
4
Department of Neurology, Gachon University, Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Korea.
5
Department of Neurology, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
6
Department of Neurology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Background and Purpose:

Disability associated with activities of daily living (ADL) is the basis of dementia diagnosis and is an important factor in the care of dementia patients. The status of awareness and burden of ADL disability in dementia patients was investigated six years ago and used as an important reference for "Il-sang-ye-chan" campaign. They were re-investigated in six years and compared with previous results.

Methods:

The survey included caregivers of 100 dementia patients listed at the four regional dementia centers. Structured open and closed questions about ADL were asked. Assessments included age, sex, education level, economic status, severity of dementia, caregiving pattern, current statues and cognition of ADL, and caregiver needs.

Results:

The cognition of ADL was still very low (43%). Increased stress among caregivers was the biggest burden, and they frequently suffered from outing disability (56%), recent memory loss (48%), and loss of bowel/bladder control (40%). The economic burden has been greatly reduced compared with the burden six years ago and the needs of caregivers were still highly about educational guide lines or programs.

Conclusions:

Continued interest and further investigation into ADL disability of dementia patients are needed. Korean Dementia Association will further expand the "Il-sang-ye-chan" program: via a multi-domain cognitive intervention program under the Care for ADL in dementia and Relieve symptoms in Dementia Project.

KEYWORDS:

Activities of daily living; Caregivers; Dementia

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of Interest: The authors have no financial conflicts of interest.

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