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BMC Genet. 2019 May 16;20(1):46. doi: 10.1186/s12863-019-0749-5.

In silico genome-wide miRNA-QTL-SNPs analyses identify a functional SNP associated with mastitis in Holsteins.

Author information

1
Dairy Cattle Research Center, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Science, Jinan, 250131, Shandong, People's Republic of China.
2
College of Life Sciences, Shandong Normal University, Jinan, 250014, Shandong, China.
3
Dairy Cattle Research Center, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Science, Jinan, 250131, Shandong, People's Republic of China. huangjinm@sina.com.
4
College of Life Sciences, Shandong Normal University, Jinan, 250014, Shandong, China. huangjinm@sina.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in microRNAs (miRNAs) and their target binding sites affect miRNA function and are involved in biological processes and diseases, including bovine mastitis, a frequent inflammatory disease. Our previous study has shown that bta-miR-2899 is significantly upregulated in the mammary gland tissue of mastitis-infected cow than that of healthy cows.

RESULTS:

In the present study, we used a customized miRNAQTLsnp software and identified 5252 SNPs in 691 bovine pre-miRNAs, which are also located within the quantitative trait loci (QTLs) that are associated with mastitis and udder conformation-related traits. Using luciferase assay in the bovine mammary epithelial cells, we confirmed a candidate SNP (rs109462250, g. 42,198,087 G > A) in the seed region of bta-miR-2899 located in the somatic cell score (SCS)-related QTL (Chr.18: 33.9-43.9 Mbp), which affected the interaction of bta-miR-2899 and its putative target Spi-1 proto-oncogene (SPI1), a pivotal regulator in the innate and adaptive immune systems. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction results showed that the relative expression of SPI1 in the mammary gland of AA genotype cows was significantly higher than that of GG genotype cows. The SNP genotypes were associated with SCS in Holstein cows.

CONCLUSIONS:

Altogether, miRNA-related SNPs, which influence the susceptibility to mastitis, are one of the plausible mechanisms underlying mastitis via modulating the interaction of miRNAs and immune-related genes. These miRNA-QTL-SNPs, such as the SNP (rs109462250) of bta-miR-2899 may have implication for the mastitis resistance breeding program in Holstein cattle.

KEYWORDS:

Bta-miR-2899; Dairy cattle; Mastitis; SNP; SPI1

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