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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1987 Jul 10;901(1):127-37.

Nuclear magnetic resonance spectra of lipoteichoic acid.


Lipoteichoic acid acids with a range of chemical compositions have been studied using 1H; 13C- and 31P-nuclear magnetic resonance. Proton spectroscopy provided a rapid method for demonstrating whether alanine in a sample is covalently bound to the polyglycerophosphate chains and for monitoring hydrolysis of alanine. The nature of sugar substituents can be determined, with some limitations, from the 13C spectra, and the proportions of glycerol residues substituted by alanine and sugar can be measured. The 31P spectra of lipoteichoic acid provided information about both the degree of substitution and the distribution of the substituent along the polyglycerophosphate chain, except when the substituent was galactose. The polyglycerophosphate chains were shown to undergo rapid internal rotation and no evidence for tertiary structure was found either in the presence or absence of magnesium ions. Magnesium ions exchange rapidly between the bound and free state and the binding constant to lipoteichoic acid of 64 M-1 is typical for monophosphates in aqueous solution. There was no evidence that alanine substitution affects the binding constant for magnesium ions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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