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Biochemistry. 1987 Mar 24;26(6):1574-8.

Purification of bleomycin hydrolase with a monoclonal antibody and its characterization.


We established a hybridoma clone that produced anti-bleomycin hydrolase antibody. The subclass of the monoclonal antibody was immunoglobulin M. The antibody significantly reacted with bleomycin hydrolase from rabbit tissues, mouse livers, sarcoma 180, and adenocarcinoma 755 but not significantly with that from MH 134 and Ehrlich carcinoma. The enzyme from L5178Y cells showed an intermediate reactivity. Bleomycin hydrolase was purified from rabbit liver by immunoaffinity with the monoclonal antibody and DEAE gel chromatography. Approximately 1300-fold-purified bleomycin hydrolase was obtained. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and isoelectric focusing on a polyacrylamide slab gel of purified bleomycin hydrolase showed a single band with an apparent Mr of 48K and an isoelectric pH of 5.2. The molecular weight of bleomycin hydrolase determined on gel filtration high-performance liquid chromatography was ca. 300K, suggesting a hexameric enzyme. The enzyme showed an optimum pH of 6.8-7.8 and gave a Vmax value of 6.72 mg min-1 mg-1 for peplomycin and 9.24 mg min-1 mg-1 for bleomycin B2 and a Km value of 0.79 mM for both substrates. The enzyme was inhibited by E-64, leupeptin, p-tosyl-L-lysine chloromethyl ketone, N-ethylmaleimide, Fe2+, Cu2+, and Zn2+ but was enhanced by dithiothreitol. The results suggest that bleomycin hydrolase is a thiol enzyme.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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