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Am J Physiol. 1987 Jun;252(6 Pt 2):H1211-7.

Myocyte and endothelial injury with ischemia reperfusion in isolated rat hearts.


We determined the time course of ischemic injury, the effects of reperfusion, and the protective effects of prostacyclin, oxygen radical scavengers, and diltiazem on myocardial myocyte and endothelial cell functions in isolated rat hearts. Left ventricular power and coronary microvascular permeability were used as indexes of myocyte and endothelial cell function, respectively. Neither 5- nor 10-min ischemia reperfusion significantly changed power or permeability. However, with reperfusion following 20 and 30 min of ischemia, power was reduced 50 and 60% and permeability increased 70 and 90%. In 30-min ischemic hearts the ischemia-induced increase in permeability was apparent after 4 min reperfusion and further exacerbated at 20 min. Hypoxic reperfusion did not prevent increased permeability. Prostacyclin or a combination of superoxide dismutase, catalase, and mannitol also did not prevent increased permeability, and the radical scavengers did not ameliorate depressed power. In contrast, perfusion with diltiazem during ischemia reperfusion blunted the reduction in power and prevented the increase in permeability. We conclude that ischemia reperfusion causes similar time course of injury to myocytes and endothelial cells; reperfusion contributes to endothelial injury, and diltiazem affords protection to both cell types.

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