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Cell Rep. 2019 May 14;27(7):2147-2156.e5. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2019.04.021.

Salmonella Translocated Effectors Recruit OSBP1 to the Phagosome to Promote Vacuolar Membrane Integrity.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.
2
Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.
3
Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA; Department of Immunology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA; Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA; Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. Electronic address: millersi@uw.edu.

Abstract

Intracellular Salmonella use a type III secretion system (TTSS) to translocate effector proteins across the phagosome membrane and thus promote vacuole membrane tubulation, resulting in intracellular survival. This work demonstrates that the effector SseJ binds the eukaryotic lipid transporter oxysterol binding protein 1 (OSBP1). SseJ directs OSBP1 to the endosomal compartment in a manner dependent on the TTSS located on Salmonella pathogenicity island 2 (SPI2). OSBP1 localization is mediated by both SseJ and another OSBP1-binding SPI2 translocated effector, the deubiquitinase SseL. Deletion of both SseJ and SseL reduced vacuolar integrity with increased bacteria released into the eukaryotic cytoplasm of epithelial cells, indicating that their combined activities are necessary for vacuole membrane stability. Cells knocked down for OSBP1 or deleted for the OSBP1-binding proteins VAPA/B also demonstrate loss of vacuole integrity, consistent with the hypothesis that OSBP1 recruitment is required for SPI2-mediated alterations that promote vacuolar integrity of salmonellae.

KEYWORDS:

OSBP; OSBP1; SPI2; Salmonella; SseJ; SseL; VAPA; oxysterol

PMID:
31091452
DOI:
10.1016/j.celrep.2019.04.021
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