Send to

Choose Destination
Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2019 Mar 8;40(3):1412-1418. doi: 10.13227/j.hjkx.201808184.

[Operation Characteristics of the Biofilm CANON Reactor During the Temperature Reduction Process].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

Sino-Dutch R & D Centre for Future Wastewater Treatment, Key Laboratory of Urban Storm water System and Water Environment, School of Environment and Energy Engineering, Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Beijing 100044, China.


The focus of this paper, was low temperature, high ammonia nitrogen wastewater. The operation characteristics of the biofilm CANON process during the temperature reduction process were determined, by continuously adjusting different operating conditions. The aim was to explore the methods needed for the CANON process to obtain stable shortcut nitrification and a good nitrogen removal effect, when the influent NH4+-N concentration is high and the temperature low. The results showed that, ① compared with the biofilm CANON reactor temperature changing from medium to low temperature directly (30℃±1℃→19℃), it was more conducive to adapt the nitrogen-removing bacteria to the low-temperature environment, while the temperature was gradually lowered. Moreover, the extent of each reduction should be minimized. Besides, the operating conditions should be adjusted to ensure the nitrogen removal effect. ② The temperature was gradually reduced to about 19℃ after 25 d, and then decreased to about 15℃ after another 18 d. The NH4+-N and TN removal rates could be respectively stable at 90% and 70% over a long period of time. The TN removal rate and removal load could still reach 72.52% and 0.78 kg·(m3·d)-1, respectively, even when the temperature dropped to 12℃. ③ When adapting biological CANON sludge during the temperature reduction process, shortcut nitrification should be given priority. A stable shortcut nitrification effect should be obtained by maintaining a certain concentration of residual NH4+-N, and by strictly controlling the DO concentration to restrain NOB activity.


ammonia-oxidizing bacteria; anaerobic ammonium oxidation(ANAMMOX); completely autotrophic nitrogen removal over nitrite (CANON); nitrite oxidizing bacteria(NOB); shortcut nitrification; temperature


Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center